2MARKS: PART 2

ACTIVE METHIONINE:

Methionine (C5H11NO2S) is an essential, sulfur-containing amino acid. It is the source of sulfur for numerous compounds in the body, including the amino acids cysteine and taurine. The body uses sulfur to influence hair follicles and promote healthy hair, skin, and nail growth. Sulfur also increases the liver’s production of lecithin (which reduces cholesterol ), reduces liver fat, protects the kidneys, helps the body to excrete heavy metals, and reduces bladder irritation by regulating the formation of ammonia in the urine.

Methionine is a lipotropic—a nutrient that helps prevent fat accumulation in the liver, and usually helps detoxify metabolic wastes and toxins.

THE PRODUCT FORMED FROM GLYCINE:

Glycine is a conditional/non-essential amino acid found in bone broth, meat, poultry, eggs, dairy products and certain beans and veggies. It helps form collagen and gelatin, substances that are important for building connective tissue throughout the body.

The principal function of glycine is as a precursor to proteins, such as its periodically repeated role in the formation of the collagen helix in conjunction with hydroxyproline.


THE PRODUCT FORMED FROM TYROSINE:

Tyrosine is a nonessential amino acid the body makes from another amino acid called phenylalanine. It is an essential component for the production of several important brain chemicals called neurotransmitters, including epinephrine, norepinephrine, and dopamine.

Tyrosine can also be found in dairy products, meats, fish, eggs, nuts, beans, oats, and wheat. Some people also apply tyrosine to the skin to reduce age-related wrinkles.


THE PRODUCT FORMED FROM TRYTOPHAN:

The body uses tryptophan to help make niacin and serotonin. Serotonin is thought to produce healthy sleep and a stable mood. Since tryptophan is converted into 5-hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP) which is subsequently converted into the neurotransmitter serotonin, it has been proposed that consumption of tryptophan or 5-HTP may therefore improve depression symptoms by increasing the level of serotonin in the brain.


AMINO ACIDS INVOLVED IN GLUTATHIONE SYNTHESIS:

Glutathione (GSH) is often referred to as the body’s master antioxidant. Composted of three amino acids – cysteine, glycine, and glutamate – glutathione can be found in virtually every cell of the human body.


FAT OF OUR BODY & ITS COMPONENTS SECRETION:

There are four major dietary fats in the foods we eat:

  1. Saturated fats
  2. Trans fats
  3. Monounsaturated fats
  4. Polyunsaturated fats.

The four types have different chemical structures and physical properties. The bad fats, saturated and trans fats, tend to be more solid at room temperature. while monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats tend to be more liquid.

Fats can also have different effects on the cholesterol levels in your body. The bad fats, saturated fats and trans fats raise bad cholesterol (LDL) levels in your blood. Monounsaturated fats and polyunsaturated fats can lower bad cholesterol levels and are beneficial.


THE STORAGE FORM OF LIPIDS IN ADIPOSE TISSUE:

It is also found in the bone marrow, where it imparts a yellow colour; yellow marrow is most abundant in adults. The fat stored in adipose tissue comes from dietary fats or is produced in the body. When hormones signal the need for energy, fatty acids and glycerol are released from triglycerides.

Lipids such as cholesterol, cholesteryl esters and triglycerides are stored in your body primarily in specialized fat cells called adipocytes, which comprise a specialized fatty tissue called adipose tissue.


NAME THE LIPOPROTEIN:

  • Chylomicrons
  • VLDL, very low density lipoprotein
  • IDL – intermediate density lipoprotein
  • LDL, low density lipoprotein
  • HDL, high density lipoprotein.

 CATHERINE SHALINI RAJA
M.P.T.,MIAP.,PGDYN
CARDIO RESPIRATORY PHYSCIAL THERAPIST
FITNESS & SPORTS REHABILITATION SPECIALIST

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