PHYSIOLOGY- 2 MARKS- PART 3:

What is the difference between the pulmonary circulation and the systemic circulation?

  • Pulmonary circulation only occurs between the heart and the lungs.
  • The pulmonary circulation is the portion of the circulatory system which carries deoxygenated blood away from the right ventricle of the heart, to the lungs, and returns oxygenated blood to the left atrium and ventricle of the heart.
  • Systemic circulation refers to the circulation of blood in which oxygenated blood is pumped from the heart to the body and deoxygenated blood is returned back to the heart.
  • Systemic circulation occurs between the heart and the entire body.
  • SYSTEMIC CIRCULATION carries oxygenated blood away from the heart to the body, and returns deoxygenated blood back to the heart.

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GENERAL MEDICINE & OG: 2 MARKS- PART 1

ANEMIA:

  • Anemia is a medical condition in which the red blood cell count or hemoglobin is less than normal. Anemia is caused by either a decrease in production of red blood cells or hemoglobin, or an increase in loss (usually due to bleeding) or destruction of red blood cells.
  • For men, anemia is typically defined as hemoglobin level of less than 13.5 gram/100 ml and in women as hemoglobin of less than 12.0 gram/100 ml.

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