- Hypotonia, commonly known as floppy baby syndrome, is a state of low muscle tone, often involving reduced muscle strength.
- Hypotonia can happen from damage to the brain, spinal cord, nerves, or muscles.
- The damage can be the result of trauma, environmental factors, or genetic, muscle, or central nervous system disorders.
- Asthenia is a medical term referring to a condition in which the body lacks or has lost strength either as a whole or in any of its parts.
- It denotes symptoms of physical weakness and loss of strength.
- A clinical syndrome characterized by palpitation, SHORTNESS OF BREATH, labored breathing, subjective complaints of effort and discomfort, all following slight PHYSICAL EXERTION.
- Ataxia is a degenerative disease of the nervous system.
- Many symptoms of Ataxia can mimic those of being drunk – slurred speech, stumbling, falling, and incoordination.
- All are related to degeneration of the part of the brain, called the cerebellum that is responsible for coordinating movement.
Ataxia is an umbrella term used to classify a group of diseases that include:
- Ataxia Telangiectasia
- Episodic Ataxia
- Friedreich’s Ataxia
- Multiple System Atrophy
- Spinocerebellar Ataxia
- Sporadic Ataxia.
- The thalamus is located in the center of the brain at the top of the brain stem.
- It consists of two symmetrical lobes that are about the size of a walnut.
- The thalamus functions to relay sensory messages from the body to the brain and to regulate levels of consciousness.
- The thalamus is involved in sensory and motor signal relay and the regulation of consciousness and sleep.
THALAMIC PAIN SYNDROME:
- Dejerine–Roussy syndrome or thalamic pain syndrome is a condition developed after a thalamic stroke, a stroke causing damage to the thalamus.
- Ischemic strokes and hemorrhagic strokes can cause lesioning in the thalamus.
- Damage to a portion of the thalamus is associated with risk of coma.
- Damage in a portion of the thalamus can lead to sensory changes in a body part.
- Damage here can also cause movement disorders, lack of movement.
CATHERINE SHALINI RAJA
CARDIO RESPIRATORY PHYSICAL THERAPIST
FITNESS & SPORTS REHABILITATION SPECIALIST.